Speech Therapy - Adult
Dysphagia is difficulty in swallowing. It can cause food to enter the airway, resulting in coughing, choking, inadequate nutrition and/or hydration with resultant weight loss and/or an infection in the lungs called aspiration pneumonia. this can be due to problems in nerve or muscle control secondary to a neurological event.
Dysarthria is a weakness or paralysis of the muscles used for speech and results in a person's speech being slurred and difficult to understand.
Aphasia is an acquired communication disorder that impairs a person's ability to process language, but does not affect intelligence. Aphasia can impair the ability to understand or produce language including verbal, written, and gestural language, usually due to neurological impairment, such as a stroke (approximately 25-40% of stroke survivors acquire aphasia).
Apraxia of Speech
This is a motor planning problem which affects the ability to formulate the sounds of speech.
Cognitive-linguistic deficits are an impairment in the complex interaction between cognition (including attention, memory, reasoning, problem solving, and social behavior) and language (the transmission of spoken, written, and nonverbal messages).
Stuttering is a communication disorder in which the flow of speech is broken by repetitions (li-li-like this), prolongations (lllllike this), or abnormal stoppages (no sound) of sounds and syllables. There may also be unusual facial and body movements associated with the effort to speak. Although there is no certain cause, stuttering is likely caused by a combination of several factors, including genetics, neurology, language development and family dynamics.
Voice difficulties include pitch, voice quality (such as hoarseness, nasality and breathiness) or loudness of the voice.